At the end of the 17th century, Pere Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet explored what would become, a century and a half later, the state of Illinois. Our editors will review what you have submitted and determine if they should review the article. La Salle was educated at a Jesuit school. He first studied for the priesthood, but at the age of 22 he was more attracted to adventure and exploration, and in 1666 he set out for Canada in search of fortune.
With a land grant on the western tip of Montreal Island, La Salle acquired the status of lord at the stroke of a stroke (that is,. The young landowner cultivated his land near the Lachine Rapids and, at the same time, established a fur trading post. Through contact with the Indians who came to sell their skins, he learned several Indian dialects and heard stories about the lands beyond the settlements. Soon he became obsessed with the idea of finding a way to the East through the rivers and lakes of the western border.
At Fort-Frontenac, La Salle was in control of much of the fur trade, and his affairs prospered. But his tireless ambition led him to seek more ambitious ends. On another visit to France in 1677, he obtained from the king the authority to explore “the western parts of New France” and permission to build as many forts as he wanted, as well as to maintain a valuable monopoly on the buffalo fur trade. However, since the project had to be carried out on his own, he asked for large sums of money in Paris and Montreal, and began to be involved in a tangle of debts that would ruin all his subsequent ventures.
La Salle's proposals also further aroused the enmity of the Jesuits, who resolutely opposed all his plans. After many vicissitudes, La Salle and Tonty managed to canoe down the Mississippi and reach the Gulf of Mexico. There, on April 9, 1682, the explorer proclaimed the entire Mississippi basin for France and named it Louisiana. At least in name, it acquired for France the most fertile half of the North American continent.
The following year, La Salle built Fort-Saint-Louis in Starved Rock, on the Illinois River (now a state park), and here he organized a colony of several thousand Indians. To maintain the new colony, he sought help from Quebec, but Frontenac had been replaced by a governor hostile to La Salle's interests, and La Salle received orders to surrender Fort-Saint-Louis. He refused and left North America to appeal directly to the king. Received in Paris, La Salle had an audience with Louis XIV, who favored him by ordering the governor to make the full return of La Salle's properties.
The last phase of his extraordinary career focused on his proposal to fortify the mouth of the Mississippi and to invade and conquer part of the Spanish province of Mexico. He planned to achieve all this with about 200 Frenchmen, with the help of buccaneers and an army of 15,000 Indians, an adventure that caused his detractors to question his sanity. But the king saw an opportunity to harass the Spanish, with whom he was at war, and approved the project, giving La Salle men, ships and money. La Salle caused a lot of controversy both in his life and later.
Those who knew him best praised his skill relentlessly. He was considered “one of the best men of the time” by Tonty, who, like Frontenac, was one of the few who could understand the proud spirit of the tough Norman. Henri Joutel, who served under La Salle during the tragic days of the Texas colony until his death, wrote both about his excellent qualities and about his unbearable arrogance towards his subordinates. In Joutel's view, this arrogance was the real cause of La Salle's death.
Illinois Central College in East Peoria significantly expands its north campus in Peoria and opens and then expands a new Beijing campus. These facts explain Illinois' considerable sympathy for the colonial cause during the American Revolution. The OSF Saint Francis Medical Center began the expansion of the largest private building in the history of Peoria to build a new emergency room and a new Illinois Children's Hospital; and the Illinois Methodist Medical Center and Peking Hospital also expanded. The history of Peoria, Illinois, began when the lands that would eventually become Peoria were first colonized in 1680, when French explorers René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, and Henri de Tonti built Fort Crevecoeur.
The Illinois government passed from Canada to Louisiana in 1718, and in 1719, the Illinois government center was founded at Fort de Chartres. When Illinois became part of the Northwest Territory in 1786, the Northwest Ordinance banned slavery in the state. The idea that blacks could be held as indentured servants emerged, and that servitude was recognized in the Indiana code of 1803, the Illinois constitution of 1818, and the laws of 1819; in fact, there would probably have been a recognition of slavery in the constitution of 1818 if it hadn't been feared that such recognition would have prevented the state's admission to the union. In 1679, explorer René Robert Cavalier, Lord de La Salle, with the desire to find the mouth of the Mississippi, ascended the St.
It is true that in 1673 part of the region known as the Illinois country was explored to some extent by two Frenchmen, Louis Jolliet and Jacques Marquette, a Jesuit priest. For several years after the end of the conflict, the Indians were comparatively peaceful; but in 1831, the delay of the sacks and foxes in withdrawing from the lands of northern Illinois caused the governor to. When the first Europeans arrived in Illinois in the late 17th century, there were more than 10,000 indigenous people living in the area. Johnny Torrio and Al Capone launched some of the largest smuggling, brothels, and illegal gambling operations in the country from Chicago.
The first Europeans to set foot in Illinois were the explorers, Father Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet, who claimed the territory for France in 1673 and founded a Jesuit mission two years later in Starved Rock. In 1778, U.S. troops reclaimed Illinois and made the territory a Virginia county, and American colonists began arriving the following year. In 1771, the people of the country of Illinois, through a meeting in Kaskaskia, demanded a form of self-government similar to that of Connecticut.
The Sauk leader Black Hawk and his people, who were expelled from Illinois in 1831, returned the following year and were attacked by an American militia. .