Chicago is the largest city in Illinois, but it's not the capital. The capital of Illinois is Springfield. Illinois was populated from south to north, and Chicago was a small city only a year old when Springfield became the state capital in 1834. What is the capital of Illinois? Most would probably guess Chicago.
For starters, Chicago is by far the largest city in Illinois, with more than 2.7 million inhabitants. Chicago is also one of the most important cities in the entire United States. But Chicago isn't the capital of Illinois. That distinction applies to Springfield (no, not to that Springfield).
So why is Springfield the capital of Illinois and not one of the largest cities in the state? Let's review the history of the capital of Illinois. Although Chicago is much larger and more populated than Springfield, it has never been the official capital. This is because Springfield was deliberately chosen as the capital to prevent the state government from being located too close to Chicago or St. The capital of the state of Illinois is none other than Springfield.
In addition to this honorable distinction, the state capital is also the seat of Sangamon County. As the capital, Springfield is where most of the Illinois state government's business is conducted. If you were thinking of Chicago, don't worry. It could very well be the new capital one day, considering the state's history of moving the capital from one place to another.
Chicago is an international center for finance, culture, commerce, industry, education, technology, telecommunications, and transportation. The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago administers Catholic schools, which include Jesuit preparatory schools and others such as St. The Chicago Blackhawks of the National Hockey League (NHL) began playing in 1926 and are one of the six original NHL teams. An informal name for the entire Chicago metropolitan area is Chicagoland, which generally means the city and all of its suburbs.
What would become the influential magazine Poetry was founded in 1912 by Harriet Monroe, who worked as an art critic for the Chicago Tribune. Other live music genres that are part of the city's cultural heritage include Chicago blues, Chicago soul, jazz, and gospel. The challenge for early writers was that Chicago was a frontier outpost that transformed into a global metropolis over the course of two generations. Includes Rush University Medical Center, ranked the second best hospital in the Chicago metropolitan area by U.
A number of private schools are completely secular, such as the Chicago Latino School in the Near North Side neighborhood, the laboratory schools of the University of Chicago in Hyde Park, the British School of Chicago, and the Francis W. The Chicago Bears, one of the last two remaining founding members of the National Football League (NFL), have won nine NFL championships, including Super Bowl XX in 1985. He created Lincoln Park by closing a cemetery full of shallow graves and, in 1867, in response to a cholera outbreak, helped establish a new Chicago Board of Health. A few years later, the capital moved to Vandalia, where the second, third and fourth Capitol buildings were erected. The name Chicago derives from a French translation of the word Shikaakwa, originally from Miami-Illinois, for a wild relative of onion; botanists know it as Allium tricoccum and more commonly as ramps.
In addition, the Chicago Medical School and the Stritch Medical School at Loyola University Chicago are located in the suburbs of North Chicago and Maywood, respectively. Two of the country's leading academic medical centers reside in Chicago, including Northwestern Memorial Hospital and the University of Chicago Medical Center.